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Metal
ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC ATOMIC PHYSICAL PHYSICAL PHYSICAL ELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL THERMAL THERMAL THERMAL THERMAL THERMAL
Metal Symbol Atomic Number Atomic Radius (nm) Atomic Weight (g/mole) Work Function (eV) Neutron Absorption Cross-section (Barns) Valences shown Ionisation Potential (eV)

1

Ionisation Potential (eV)

2

Ionisation Potential (eV)

3

Ionisation Potential (eV)

4

Ionisation Potential (eV)

5

Ionisation Potential (eV)

6

Boiling Point (oC) Density at 20 oC (g/cm3) Melting Point (oC) Temperature Coefficient (0-100 oC) (K-1) Electrical Resistivity at 20 oC (MicroOhm cm) Superconductivity Critical Temperature (K) Thermal EMF against Platinum

Cold junction at 0oC,
Hot junction at 100oC (mV)

Latent Heat of Evaporation (J/g) Latent Heat of Fusion (J/g) Linear Expansion Coefficent at 0-100 oC (1X10-6 K-1) Specific Heat at 25 oC (J K-1 kg-1) Thermal Conductivity at 0-100 oC (W m-1 K-1)
Ag 47 0.144 107.8682 4.7 63.8 1, 2 7.58 21.5 34.8 - - - 2212 10.5 961.9 0.0041 1.63 - +0.74 2390 103 19.1 237 429
Al 13 0.143 26.98154 4.2 0.232 3 5.99 18.8 28.4 120 154 190 2467 2.7 66.4 0.0045 2.67 1.175 +0.42 10800 388 23.5 900 237
As 33 0.125 74.9216 5.1 4.3 -3, 0, 3, 5 9.81 18.6 28.4 50.1 62.6 128 616 5.73 >300 Sublimes - 33.3 - - - 370 5.6 328 50.2
Au 79 0.144 196.9665 4.8 98.8 1, 3 9.22 20.5 - - - - 3080 19.3 1064.4 0.004 2.2 - +0.74 1738 64.9 14.1 129 318
B 5 0.097 10.81 4.5 672 3 8.30 25.2 37.9 259 340 - 3700 2.35 2180 - 1.8 x 1012 - - 35000 2090 8.3 1030 -
Ba 56 0.224 137.33 2.5 1.2 2 5.21 10.0 - - - - 1640 3.5 725 - - - - 1100 55.8 18 192 -
Be 4 0.113 9.01218 3.4 0.0092 2 9.32 18.2 154 218 - - 2470 18.48 1278 0.009 3.3 0.026 - 32470 1350 12 1825 201
Bi 83 0.182 208.9804 4.4 0.034 3, 5 7.29 16.7 25.6 45.3 56.0 88.3 1560 9.8 271.3 0.0046 117 - -7.34 857 52 13.4 124 7.9
C 6 0.077 12.011 4.8 0.0034 2, 3, 4 11.26 24.38 47.9 64.5 392 490 5000 2.25 3650 - 1375 - +0.70 - - 0.5 712 80-240
Ca 20 0.197 40.08 2.87 0.44 2 6.11 11.87 50.9 67.1 84.4 109 1484 1.55 839 0.00457 3.7 - -0.51 3760 209 22 653 125
Cd 48 0.152 112.41 4 2450 2 8.99 16.9 37.5 - - - 765 8.64 321 0.0043 7.3 0.517 +0.91 886 57 31 232 96.9
Ce 58 0.182 140.12 2.9 0.73 3, 4 5.47 10.85 20.20 36.72 - - 3426 6.75 799 0.0087 85.4 - +1.14 2680 37.3 8 205 11.3
Co 27 0.125 58.9332 5 37.5 2, 3 7.86 17.06 33.5 51.3 79.5 102 2870 8.9 1495 0.0066 6.34 - -1.33 6490 263 12.5 456 100
Cr 24 0.128 51.996 4.4 3.1 2, 3, 6 6.77 16.5 31.0 49.1 69.3 90.6 2672 7.1 187 0.00214 13.2 - - 6580 260 6.5 518 94
Cs 55 0.27 133 2.14 29 1 3.89 25.10 - - - - 705 1.9 28.5 0.0044 20 - - 611 15.78 97 230  
Cu 29 0.128 63.546 4.5 3.8 1, 2 7.73 20.29 36.8 55.2 79.9 103 2567 8.96 1083 0.0043 1.69 - +0.76 4796 205 17 385 401
Dy 66 0.177 162.5 - 930 3 5.93 11.67 - - - - 2562 8.536 1412 0.0012 91 - - 1725 105 8.6 173 10.7
Er 68 0.175 167.26 - 160 3 6.10 11.93 - - - - 2863 9.051 1529 0.00201 86 - - 1680 103 9.2 168 14.5
Eu 63 0.204 151.96 2.5 4100 2, 3 5.67 11.25 - - - - 1597 5.243 822 0.0048 90 - - 1155 63.4 32 176 13.9
Fe 26 0.128 55.847 4.4 2.56 2, 3, 4, 6 7.87 16.18 30.65 54.8 75.0 99 2750 7.87 1535 0.0065 10.1 - +1.98 6095 272 12.1 444 80.4
Ga 31 0.135 69.72 4.2 3.1 2, 3 5.99 20.51 30.71 64.0 - - 2205 5.904 29.8 0.004 15.5 1.08 - 3984 80.1 18.3 330 33-41
Gd 64 0.18 157.25 3.1 49000 3 6.14 12.1 - - - - 3266 7.895 1313 0.00176 134 - - 1920 98.7 6.4 230 10.5
Ge 32 0.139 72.59 4.8 2.3 2, 4 7.90 15.93 34.22 45.7 93.5 - 2830 5.32 937.4 - 46 X 106 - +33.9 4516 465 5.75 322 60.2
Hf 72 0.159 178.49 3.9 103 4 7.0 14.9 23.3 33.3 - - 4602 13.1 2227 0.0044 32.2 0.128 - 3700 122 6 146 23
Hg 80 0.155 200.59 4.49 375 1, 2 10.44 18.76 34.2 - - - 357 13.6 -38.87 0.001 95.9 4.15 0.045 300 11.5 61 138 8.65
Ho 67 0.176 164.9304 - 65 3 6.02 11.80 - - - - 2695 8.803 1474 0.00171 94 - - 1695 104 9.5 165 16.2
In 49 0.157 114.82 4.12 194 1, 2, 3 5.79 18.9 28.0 54 - - 2080 7.3 156.6 0.0052 8.8 3.41 +0.69 2024 28.5 24.8 234 81.8
Ir 77 0.135 192.22 4.6 425 3, 4 9.1 - - - - - 4130 22.4 2410 0.0045 5.1 0.11 +0.65 3186 135 6.8 133 147
K 19 0.238 39.0983 2.2 1.8 1 4.34 31.6 45.7 60.9 82.7 100 760 0.86 63.25 0.0057 6.8 - - 2033 61 83 753 102.5
La 57 0.187 138.9055 3.5 8.9 3 5.58 11.06 19.18 - - - 3457 6.174 921 0.00218 57 4.88 - 2897 60.2 4.9 197 13.4
Li 3 0.157 6.941 2.4 63 1 5.39 75.6 122.4 - - - 1342 0.534 180.5 0.00435 9.29 - +1.82 19600 422 56 3560 84.8
Lu 71 0.173 174.967 3.3 75 3 5.43 13.9 - - - - 3395 9.842 1663 0.0024 68 0.1 - 2155 110 12.5 155 16.4
Mg 12 0.16 24.305 3.66 0.064 2 7.65 15.03 80.1 109 141 187 1090 1.74 649 0.00425 4.2 - +0.44 5254 362 26 1020 156
Mn 25 0.112 54.938 3.89 13.3 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 7.43 15.64 33.67 51.2 72.4 95 1962 7.4 1244 - 160 - - 4207 267 23 477 7.81
Mo 42 0.14 95.94 4.2 2.65 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 7.10 16.15 27.2 46.4 61.2 68 4612 10.22 2617 0.00435 5.7 0.915 +1.45 6153 290 5.1 251 138
Nb 41 0.147 92.9064 4.3 1.15 2, 3, 4, 5 6.88 14.3 25.0 38.3 50.5 103 4742 8.57 2468 0.0026 16 9.25 - 7360 290 7.2 268 53.7
Nd 60 0.182 144.24 3.2 49 3 5.49 10.72 - - - - 3068 7.004 1021 0.00165 64 - - 2000 75 6.7 205 13
Ni 28 0.125 58.69 4.9 4.54 0, 1, 2, 3 7.63 18.2 35.2 54.9 75.5 108 2732 8.9 1453 0.0068 6.9 - -1.48 6378 292 13.3 444 90.9
Os 76 0.135 190.2 4.8 15.3 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 8.7 16 - - - - 5027 22.5 3045 0.0041 8.8 0.66 - 3305 154 4.57 131 87.6
Pb 82 0.175 207.2 4 0.18 2, 4 7.42 15.03 31.9 42.3 68.8 - 1740 11.35 327.5 0.0042 20.6 7.196 +0.44 862 23.2 29 159 35.3
Pd 46 0.137 106.42 5 6 2, 3, 4 8.3 19.4 32.9 - - - 3140 12 1554 0.0042 10.8 - -0.57 3398 157 11 244 71.8
Pr 59 0.183 140.9077 - 11.5 3, 4 5.42 10.55 21.62 38.95 57.45 - 3512 6.782 931 0.00171 68 - - 2343 80 4.8 192 12.5
Pt 78 0.138 195.08 5.3 9 1, 2, 3, 4 9.0 18.6 - - - - 3827 21.45 1772 0.00392 10.58 - - 2405 101 9 133 71.6
Rb 37 0.251 85.4678 2.1 0.5 1, 2, 3, 4 4.18 27.3 40.0 52.6 71.0 84.4 686 1.532 38.89 0.0048 12.1 - - 887 25.7 9 360 58.2
Re 75 0.138 186.207 5 85 -1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 7.87 16.6 - - - - 5627 21 3180 0.0045 18.7 1.7 - 3824 179.9 6.6 138 48
Rh 45 0.134 102.9055 4.6 150 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 7.46 18.1 31.1 - - - 3727 12.4 1965 0.0044 4.7 - +0.70 4800 210 8.5 244 150
Ru 44 0.134 101.07 4.71 3 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 7.36 16.8 28.5 - - - 3900 12.2 2310 0.0041 7.7 0.49 - 5610 252 9.6 238 117
Sb 51 0.161 121.75 4.1 5 -3, 0, 3, 5 8.64 16.53 25.3 44.2 56.0 108 1750 6.68 630.7 0.0051 40.1 - +4.89 1370 163 9 205 24.4
Sc 21 0.16 44.9559 3.5 25 3 6.54 12.8 24.8 73.5 91.7 111 2831 2.99 1541 0.00282 66 - - 7293 357 12 557 15.8
Se 34 0.116 78.96 5.9 12.2 -2, 4, 6 9.75 21.2 30.8 42.9 68.3 81.7 685 4.68 217 - 12 - - 333 69 37 321 0.5
Si 14 0.117 28.0855 4.2 0.16 4 8.15 16.3 33.5 45.1 167 205 2355 2.34 1410 - 23 X 1010 - -41.56 13700 1650 4.7-7.67 703 80-=150
Sm 62 0.18 150.36 2.7 5820 2, 3 5.63 11.07 - - - - 1791 7.536 1077 0.00148 92 - - 1280 72.4 - 180 13.3
Sn 50 0.158 118.69 4.3 0.63 2, 4 7.34 14.63 30.5 40.7 72.3 - 2270 7.28 231.9 0.0046 12.6 3.722 +0.42 2497 59.6 23.5 213 66.8
Sr 38 0.215 87.62 2.59 1.21 2 5.70 11.03 43.6 57.0 71.6 90.8 1375 2.6 770 0.0038 22.8 - - 1717 105 23 301 36.4
Ta 73 0.147 180.9479 4.1 22 2, 3, 4, 5 7.88 16.2 - - - - 5425 16.6 2996 0.0035 13.5 4.47 +0.33 416 174 6.5 140 57.5
Tb 65 0.177 158.9254 3 30 3, 4 5.85 11.52 - - - - 3123 8.272 1356 - 116 - - 1840 103 7 183 11.1
Te 52 0.143 127.6 4.8 4.7 2, 4, 6 9.01 18.6 28.0 37.4 58.8 70.7 990 6.25 450 - 1.6 X 105 - - 820 138 16.75 201 3.3
Th 90 0.18 232.0381 3.5 7.4 2, 3, 4 6.95 11.5 20.0 28.8 - - 4790 11.5 1750 0.004 14 1.38 -0.13 2202 82.8 11.2 113 54
Ti 22 0.147 47.88 4.1 6.1 2, 3, 4 6.82 13.6 27.5 43.3 99.2 119 3287 4.5 1660 0.0038 54 0.4 - 8893 365 8.9 523 21.9
Tl 81 0.171 204.383 3.8 3.4 1, 3 6.11 20.4 29.8 50.7 - - 1457 11.85 303.5 0.0052 16.6 2.38 +0.58 813 21 30 128 46.1
Tm 69 0.174 168.9342 - 115 2, 3 6.18 12.05 23.71 - - - 1947 9.322 1545 0.00195 90 - - 1456 109 11.6 160 16.9
U 92 0.138 238.0289 3.6 7 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 6.19 - - - - - 3818 19.05 1132 0.0034 27 - - 1753 52.5 13.4 116 27.5
V 23 0.136 50.9415 4.3 5.06 2, 3, 4, 5 6.74 14.6 29.3 46.7 65.2 128 3380 6.1 1890 0.0039 19.6 5.4 0.63 8975 345 8.3 486 30.7
W 74 0.141 183.85 4.55 18.5 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 7.98 17.7 - - - - 5660 19.3 3410 0.9948 5.4 0.014 +1.12 4009 192 4.5 133 173
Y 39 0.181 88.9059 3.1 1.3 3 6.38 12.2 20.5 61.8 77 93 3338 4.478 1522 0.00271 53 - +0.55 4135 193 10.8 285 17.2
Yb 70 0.193 173.04 - 37 2, 3 6.25 12.2 25.2 - - - 1194 6.977 819 0.0013 28 - - 921 53.2 25 145 34.9
Zn 30 0.137 65.38 4.3 1.1 2 9.39 17.96 39.7 59.4 82.6 108 907 7.14 419.5 0.0042 5.96 0.85 +0.76 1748 111 31 388 116
Zr 40 0.16 91.22 3.8 0.182 2, 3, 4 6.84 13.13 22.99 34.34 81.5 99 4377 6.49 1852 0.0044 44 0.61 +1.17 6360 211 5.9 281 22.7
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