Web-Materials

 
Mechanical Properties of Elements
Metal Symbol Material Condition Bulk Modulus (GPa) Hardness - Brinell Hardness - Mohs Hardness - Vickers Izod Toughness (J m-1) Poisson's Ratio Tensile Strength (MPa) Yield Strength (MPa) Young's Modulus (GPa)
Ag Soft - - - 25 5 - 172 - -
Ag Hard - - - 95 - - 330 - -
Ag Polycrystalline 103.6 - - - - 0.367 - - 82.7
Al Soft - - - 21 - - 50-90 10-35 -
Al Hard - - - 35-48 - - 130-195 110-170 -
Al Polycrystalline 75.2 - - - - 0.345 - - 70.6
As Polycrystalline 22.0 - - 57.69 - - - - -
Au Soft - - - 20-30 - - 130 - -
Au Hard - - - 60 - - 220 205 -
Au Polycrystalline 171 - - - - 0.42 - - 78.5
B Arc melted - - 9.5 - - - 1580-2410 - 441
Ba Polycrystalline 9.7 - - - - 0.28 - - 12.8
Be Soft - - - 150 - - 310 240 -
Be Hard - - - 200 - - 550 345 -
Be Polycrystalline 110 - - - - 0.02 - - 318
Bi Polycrystalline 31.3 - - 16-19 - 0.33 - - 34.0
C Graphite 33 - 0.5-1.0 - - - - - 4.8
C Diamond 542 - 10 - - - - - -
Ca Soft - - - 17 - - 55 14 -
Ca Hard - - - - - - 115 84.5 -
Ca Polycrystalline 17.2 - - - - 0.31 - - 19.6
Cd Cast - - 2.0 - - - 71 - -
Cd Polycrystalline 51 - - - - 0.3 - - 62.6
Ce Cast - - - 25-30 - - 102 91 -
Ce Polycrystalline 24.4 - - - - 0.248 - - 33.5
Co Soft - - - 170 - - 760 345-485 -
Co Hard - - - 320 - - 1135 - -
Co Polycrystalline 181.5 - - - - 0.32 - - 211
Cr Soft - - - 130 - - 103 - -
Cr hard - - - 220 - - 689 - -
Cr Polycrystalline 160.2 - - - - 0.21 - - 279
Cs Polycrystalline - - 0.2 - - - - - -
Cu Soft - - - 49 58 - 224 54 -
Cu Hard - - - 87 68 - 314 270 -
Cu Polycrystalline 137.8 - - - - 0.343 - - 129.8
Dy Polycrystalline 39.2 - - 55 - 0.232 248 228 63.1
Er Polycrystalline 41.8 - - 70 - 0.207 292 292 73.3
Eu Polycrystalline 12.1 - - 20 - 0.286 - - 14.7
Fe Polycrystalline 169.8 - 4.0-5.0 - 8-16 0.293 180-210 120-150 211.4
Ga Polycrystalline - - 1.5-2.5 - - 0.47 - - 9.81
Gd Polycrystalline 39.1 - - 55 - 0.26 193 179 56.2
Ge Polycrystalline 73.9 - 6.25 - - 0.32 - - 79.9
Hf Soft - - - 150-180 - - 445 240 -
Hf Hard - - - - - - 745 365 -
Hf Polycrystalline 109 - - - - 0.26 - - 141
Hg Liquid 25 - - - - - - - -
Ho Polycrystalline 40.5 - - 60 - 0.225 262 221 66.9
In Soft - - - < 10 - - 2.6-4.5 - -
In Polycrystalline 35.3 - - - - 0.45 - - 10.6
Ir Soft - - - 200-300 - - 550-1100 - -
Ir Hard - - - 650 - - 1200 - -
Ir Polycrystalline 371 - - - - 0.26 - - 528
K Polycrystalline
at -190oC
3.1 - 0.5 - - 0.35 - - 3.53
La Polycrystalline 24.8 - - 40 - 0.28 131 124 37.9
Li Polycrystalline 11.1 - - < 5 - 0.36 - - 4.91
Lu Polycrystalline 42 - - 85 - 0.223 - - 84
Mg Soft - - - 30-35 - - 185 69 -
Mg Hard - - - 35-45 - - 232 100 -
Mg Polycrystalline 35.6 - - - - 0.291 - - 44.7
Mn Polycrystalline 118 - 5.0 - - 0.24 - - 191
Mo Soft - - - 200 - - 485-550 415-450 -
Mo Hard - - - 250 - - 620-690 550 -
Mo Polycrystalline 261.2 - - - - 0.293 - - 324.8
Nb Soft - - - 115 10-120 - 330 240 -
Nb Hard - - - 160 - - 585 550 -
Nb Polycrystalline 170.3 - - - - 0.397 - - 104.9
Nd Polycrystalline 33.3 - - 35 - 0.310 172 165 37.9
Ni Soft - 100 - - 160 - 400 1580 -
Ni Hard - 190 - - 160 - 660 480 -
Ni Polycrystalline 177.3 - - - - 0.312 - - 199.5
Os Soft - - - 300-350 - - - - -
Os Hard - - - 670-1000 - - - - -
Os Polycrystalline 373 - - - - 0.25 - - 559
Pb Sand cast - - 1.5 - - - 12 5.5 -
Pb Polycrystalline 45.8 - - - - 0.44 - - 16.1
Pd Soft - - - 40 - - 140-195 34.5 -
Pd Hard - - - 100 - - 325 205 -
Pd Polycrystalline 187 - - - - 0.39 - - 121
Pr Polycrystalline 31.2 - - 40 - 0.312 110 103 35.2
Pt Soft - - - 40 - - 125-150 14-35 -
Pt Hard - - - 100 - - 200-300 185 -
Pt Polycrystalline 276 - - - - 0.39 - - 170
Rb Polycrystalline 2.5 - 0.3 - - 0.30 - - 2.35
Re Soft - - - 280 - - 1125 315 -
Re Hard - - - 700 - - 2225 2150 -
Re Polycrystalline 334 - - - - 0.26 - - 466
Rh Soft - - - 120 - - 690-760 69-275 -
Rh Hard - - - 300 - - 1380-2070 - -
Rh Polycrystalline 276 - - - - 0.26 - - 379
Ru Soft - - - 350 - - 495 372 -
Ru Hard - - - 750 - - - - -
Ru Polycrystalline 286 - - - - 0.25 - - 432
Sb Polycrystalline 42 - 3.0-3.3 - - 0.25-0.33 - - 54.7
Sc Soft - 78 - - - - - - -
Sc Hard - 136 - - - - - - -
Sc Polycrystalline 44.2 - - - - 0.27 - - 79.3
Se Polycrystalline 8.3 - 2.0 - - 0.447 - - 58
Si Polycrystalline 100 - 7.0 - - 0.42 - - 113
Sm Polycrystalline 29.9 - - - - 0.310 124 110 34.1
Sn Polycrystalline 58.2 - 1.5-1.8 - - 0.357 - - 49.9
Sr Polycrystalline 12.0 - 1.8 - - 0.28 - - 15.7
Ta Soft - - - 90 - - 310-485 310-380 -
Ta Hard - - - 200 - - 760 705 -
Ta Polycrystalline 196.3 - - - - 0.342 - - 185.7
Tb Polycrystalline 40.8 - - 60 - 0.265 - - 57.5
Te Polycrystalline 31.4 - 2.3 - - 0.16-0.3 - - 47.1
Th Soft - - - 38 41 - 115 48 -
Th Hard - - - 70 - - 305 295 -
Th Polycrystalline 54 - - - 6 0.26 - - 78.3
Ti Annealed - - - 60 61 - 230-460 140-250 -
Ti Polycrystalline 108.4 - - - - 0.361 - - 120.2
Tl Polycrystalline 28.5 2.0 - - - 0.45 8.96 - 7.9
Tm Polycrystalline 40.5 53 - - - 0.235 - - 76
U Soft - - - 187 19 - 385 190 -
U Hard - - - 250 15 - 580 250 -
U Polycrystalline 97.9 - - - - 0.20 - - 175.8
V Soft - - - 80 10-136 - 260-585 170-450 -
V Hard - - - 150 - - 530-730 515-690 -
V Polycrystalline 158 - - - - 0.365 - - 127.6
W Soft - - - 360 - - 550-620 550 -
W Hard - - - 500 - - 1920 - -
W Polycrystalline 311 - - - - 0.28 - - 411
Y Soft - 30-60 - - 24 - 130 57 -
Y Hard - 100-140 - - - - 455 375 -
Y Polycrystalline 37.3 - - - - 0.265 - - 66.3
Yb Polycrystalline 13.5 25 - - - 0.280 68.9 65.5 17.8
Zn Polycrystalline 69.4 - 2.5 - - 0.249 - - 104.5
Zr Soft - - - 85-100 - - 350-390 250-310 -
Zr Polycrystalline 89.8 - - - - 0.38 - - 98
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