Web-Materials

 
List of Examples
1.1 Virial theorem and the bohr atom 7
1.2 Compositions in atomic and weight percentages 9
1.3 Ionic bonding and lattice energy 17
1.4 Energy of secondary bonding 23
1.5 Elastic modulus 24
1.6 Speed of sound in air 30
1.7 Specific heat capacity 31
1.8 Volume expansion coefficient 35
1.9 Expansion of Si 36
1.10 Mean and rms speeds of molecules 39
1.11 Noise in an RLC circuit 44
1.12 Diffusion of dopants in silicon 49
1.13 The copper (FCC) crystal 55
1.14 Miller indices and planar concentration 60
1.15 Vacancy concentration in aluminum 67
1.16 Vacancy concentration in a semiconductor 67
1.17 The 60% Pb-40% Sn alloy 94
 
 
2.1 Probability of scattering per unit time and the mean free time 119
2.2 Electron drift mobility in metals 119
2.3 Drift velocity and mean speed 120
2.4 Drift Velocity in a field 120
2.5 Temperature dependence of resistivity 124
2.6 Drift mobility and resistivity due to lattice vibration 124
2.7 Matthiessen's rule 131
2.8 Temperature coefficient of resistivity a and resisitivity index n 132
2.9 TCR at different reference temperatures 133
2.10 Temperature of the filamant of a light bulb 133
2.11 Nordheim's rule 138
2.12 Resistivity due to impurities 138
2.13 The resistivity-mixture rule 141
2.14 A component with dispersed air pores 142
2.15 Combined Nordheim and mixture rules 142
2.16 Hall-effect wattmeter 147
2.17 Hall mobility 148
2.18 Conduction electron concentration from the Hall effect 148
2.19 Thermal conductivity 153
2.20 Thermal resistance 154
2.21 Hall effect in semiconductors 156
2.22 Hall coefficient of intrinsic silicon 158
2.23 Conductivity of a soda-silicate glass 160
2.24 Drift mobility due to ionic conduction 162
2.25 Skin effect from dimensional analysis 165
2.26 Skin effect in an inductor 166
2.27 Thin-Film resistivity 171
2.28 Multilevel interconnect RC time constant 175
 
 
3.1 Energy of a blue photon 198
3.2 The photoelectric experiment 199
3.3 X-Ray photon energy and momentum 201
3.4 Stefan's law and the light bulb 204
3.5 The free electron 211
3.6 Wavelength of an electron beam 211
3.7 Electron confined within atomic dimensions 216
3.8 Energy of an apple in a crate 216
3.9 The measurement time and the frequency of waves: an analogy with DE Dt > h 219
3.10 The uncertainty principle on the atomic scale 220
3.11 The uncertainty principle with macroscopic objects 220
3.12 Tunneling conduction through metal-to-metal contacts 226
3.13 Significance of a small h 227
3.14 Number of states with the same energy 230
3.15 Probability density function/td> 236
3.16 The ionization energy of He+ 240
3.17 Inonization energy and effective Z 240
3.18 Excitation by electron-atom collisions in a gas discharge tube 243
3.19 The fraunhofer lines in the sun's spectrum 244
3.20 Giant atoms in space 245
3.21 Stern-Gerlach experiment and spin 250
3.22 The number of states at an energy level 256
3.23 Hund's rule 258
3.24 Efficiency of the HeNe laser 264
3.25 Doppler-broadened linewidth 266
 
 
4.1 Hydrogen halide molecule (HF) 290
4.2 Metallic liquid hydrogen in Jupiter and its magnetic field 298
4.3 What makes a metal? 299
4.4 Fermi speed of conduction electrons in a metal 299
4.5 Cutoff wavelength of a Si photodetector 303
4.6 X-ray emission and the density of states in a metal 308
4.7 Density of states in a band 310
4.8 Total number of states in a band 311
4.9 Mean speed of conduction electrons in a metal 319
4.10 Conduction in silver 319
4.11 The thermocouple EMF 327
4.12 The thermocouple equation 327
4.13 Vacuum tubes 331
4.14 Field emission 337
4.15 Specific heat capacity of Si 346
4.16 Specific heat capacity of GaAs 346
4.17 Lattice waves and sound velocity 347
4.18 Phonons in GaAs 350
 
 
5.1 Intrinsic concentration and conductivity of Si 386
5.2 Mean speed of electrons in the CB 387
5.3 Resistivity of intrinsic and doped Si 392
5.4 Compensation doping 393
5.5 The Fermi level in n- and p- type Si 394
5.6 Energy band diagram of an n-type semiconductor connected to a voltage supply 395
5.7 Saturation and intrinsic temperatures 399
5.8 Temperature dependence of the electron concentration 400
5.9 Compensation-doped Si 405
5.10 Photoresponse time 413
5.11 Photoconductivity 414
5.12 The Einstein relation 420
5.13 Diffusion coefficient of electrons in Si 421
5.14 Built-in potential due to doping variation 421
5.15 Infinitely long semiconductor illuminated at one end 427
5.16 Photoconductivity of a thin slab 430
5.17 Photogeneration in GaAs and thermalization 430
5.18 Piezoresistive strain gauge 434
5.19 The Schottky diode 442
5.20 The Peltier coefficient 447
5.21 Effective mass 456
5.22 Current due to a missing electron in the VB 457
 
 
6.1 The built-in potentials for Ge, Si, and GaAs pn junction 479
6.2 The p+n junction 480
6.3 Built-in voltage 481
6.4 Forward- and reverse-biased Si diode 492
6.5 The built-in voltage Vo from the energy band diagram 498
6.6 Incremental resistance and capacitance 501
6.7 Avalanche breakdown 505
6.8 A pnp transistor 512
6.9 Emitter injection efficiency g 513
6.10 A common base amplifier 516
6.11 CE low-frequency small-signal equivalent circuit 521
6.12 The JFET amplifier 531
6.13 The enhancement NMOSFET 538
6.14 Spectral linewidth of leds 550
6.15 A solar cell driving a resistive load 558
6.16 Open circuit voltage and illumination 558
 
 
7.1 Electronic polarizability 588
7.2 Electronic polarizability of a van der Waals solid 594
7.3 Electronic polarizability of covalent solids 596
7.4 Ionic and electronic polarizability 602
7.5 Dielectric loss per unit capacitance and the loss angle, d 609
7.6 Dielectric loss per unit capacitance and the loss angle, d 610
7.7 Dielectric loss and frequency 611
7.8 Nearly debye relaxation 614
7.9 Field inside a thin dielectric within a second dielectric 618
7.10 Gauss's law within a dielectric and free charges 619
7.11 Dielectric breakdown in a coaxial cable 628
7.12 Dielectric loss and equivalent circuit of a polyester capacitor at 1 kHz 637
7.13 Piezoelectric spark generator 643
7.14 The quartz crystal its equivalent circuit 646
7.15 Quartz crystal and its inductance 647
7.16 A pyroelectric radiation detector 652
7.17 Inonic polarization resonance in kcl 538
7.18 Low-k porous dielectrics for microelectronics 669
 
 
8.1 Ampere's law and the inductance of a toroidal coil 693
8.2 Magnetostatic energy per unit volume 694
8.3 Saturation magnetization in iron 703
8.4 Magnetic domain wall energy and thickness 709
8.5 Energy dissipated per unit volume and the hysteresis loop 718
8.6 An inductor with a ferrite core 723
8.7 (BH)max for a permanent magnet 727
8.8 Superconducting solenoids 737
8.9 Pauli spin paramagnetism of sodium 742
 
 
9.1 Relative permittivity and refractive index 778
9.2 GaAs dispersion relation 783
9.3 Sellmeier equation and diamond 783
9.4 Cauchy equation and diamond 784
9.5 Group velocity 786
9.6 Group and phase velocities 786
9.7 Optical fibers in communications 791
9.8 Reflection of light from a less dense medium (internal reflection) 800
9.9 Reflection at normal incidence. Internal and external reflection 801
9.10 Antireflection coatings on solar cells 802
9.11 Dielectric mirrors 803
9.12 Complex refractive index 807
9.13 Complex refractive index of InP 808
9.14 Free carrier absorption coefficent and conductivity 808
9.15 Complex refractive index and resonance absorption 809
9.16 Reststrahlen absorption 812
9.17 Fundamental absorption 815
9.18 Rayleigh scattering limit 819
9.19 Quartz half-wave plate 835
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Principles of Electronic Materials and Devices, Third Edition - S. O. Kasap